By William L. O'Neill
This ebook chronicles the fight between non-Communist leftists and liberals over American kinfolk with the Soviet Union from 1939 in the course of the Nineteen Fifties. Few now care as passionately and as violently as humans did then approximately Soviet-American relatives. It used to be a time while pals grew to become enemies, and others solid unusual alliances, all within the identify of commitments that this day look distant. A larger World inspires these instances and their offerings, and explains why those long-ago battles nonetheless arouse such deep emotions today—and should.
americans who have been pro-Soviet with no being participants of the Communist party—“progressives” as they known as themselves—had a wide emotional funding within the Soviet Union. From 1935 to 1939 actually hundreds of thousands joined the “Popular entrance” of pro-Soviet enterprises. O’Neill takes us in the course of the surprise of the Stalin-Hitler pact of 1939, throughout the revival of the preferred entrance spurred by means of executive and enterprise aid after Russia entered the conflict opposed to Hitler. He strains the isolation of the anti-Stalinists, the increase and fall of Henry Wallace, and the eclipse of progressivism. And he explores the transferring allegiances of intellectuals as they struggled, usually with one another, to steer the process public debate, with long-lasting outcomes for American mind, tradition, and morals.
As O’Neill observes in his advent, “More than any of my different books A higher World encouraged correspondents to ship me probing or reflective letters.” It was once this reaction, besides the extreme serious debate spurred via preliminary booklet of this quantity, that makes the book’s carrying on with significance transparent. The dream of accomplishing a greater global via radical violence by no means dies, and the willingness of apologists to hang to utopian visions persists. so long as it does, the teachings of this e-book have to be on hand to us.
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Extra info for A Better World: Stalinism and the American Intellectuals
Louis-Dreyfus was a rural 20 • F R E N C H P E A S A N T F A S C I S M demagogue's dream target: wealthy, a powerful force in the international wheat trade, and the bearer of a name so resonant that the most unabashed barnyard anti-Semite would not dare dream it up. 35 If the Great Depression had delivered a knockout blow to wheat alone, the calculating French peasant would have quickly shifted to other products. Indeed, this occurred. Far from staying mired in timeless custom, French peasants have always responded rationally and quickly to market opportunities—and they did so in the 1930s.
70 Thus peasants were a resource of economic stability, as well as a bank of moral, familial, and patriotic virtues. 71 Furthermore, French agriculture should be based on family farms that practiced polyculture. "72 France should not model its agriculture on what was done on the vast plains of the American Middle West or Argentina or, still less, the Ukraine. There was no one model of "modernisation" to which France was bound to adhere. France was special. France was a "peasant nation," and she must protect herself from being denatured.
39 The severe problems faced by producers of wine between the wars, like those of wheat growers, had their roots in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. First had come the scourge of Phylloxera, an American plant louse introduced accidentally into France in the 18605, which destroyed more than half of the vineyards in the 18705 and i88os and reduced French wine production by two-thirds. A solution had been found by grafting new vines onto resistant roots of the American wild grape. But the cost of replanting, along with new facilities for transporting wine by rail, gave an advantage to new industrial-scale vineyards that stretched for miles along the Mediterranean coast.
A Better World: Stalinism and the American Intellectuals by William L. O'Neill