By A. Buckser
In October of 1943, the Danish resistance rescued just about all of the Jews in Copenhagen from roundups via the occupying Nazis. within the years on account that, Jews became deeply engaged in a Danish tradition that offers only a few limitations of anti-Semitism or prejudice. This telling ethnographic examine explores the questions that such inclusion increases for the Danish Jews, and what their solutions can let us know in regards to the which means of faith, ethnicity, and group in sleek society.Social scientists have lengthy argued that modernity poses demanding situations to standard ethnic groups, through breaking down the networks of locality, kinship, faith, and profession that experience held such groups jointly. For Danish Jews, inclusion into the bigger society has ended in expanding fragmentation, because the neighborhood has break up right into a bewildering array of non secular, social, and political factions. The community's continual energy within the face of such fragmentation, and the continued value of Jewishness to the self-identity of its participants, issues to a brand new knowing of the that means of ethnic neighborhood in modern society.
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Extra resources for After the Rescue: Jewish Identity and Community in Contemporary Denmark (Contemporary Anthropology of Religion)
With commerce and credit cut off, the economy fell to pieces, and some of the resulting anger was directed at the Jews. ” A flurry of articles and pamphlets followed, some supporting the book and others defending the Jews. The attacks moved quickly from general complaints about Jews to specific accusations against the Copenhagen community, and they came to focus on the charge that Jewish financiers had caused the credit crisis by moving money out of the country. This charge met with detailed refutations from Nathanson and other Jewish leaders, as well as from a number of prominent Christians.
This project made the Jews an object of special concern, in part because their special status clashed with the legal standardization implicit in the reforms. In addition, the Jews’ exclusion from various professions provided an opportunity for Frederik to attack competing power structures within the kingdom. The guilds, for example, which determined who could enter skilled trades in Denmark, presented a barrier to Frederik’s plans for liberalizing trade; the question of admitting Jews offered an opening through which Frederik could break their monopolies.
Their legal status derived not from any inherent rights or principles but from a confused and inconsistent series of royal decrees and permissions. Through a series of legal and religious reforms, the Jews became regular citizens of the Danish state. In doing so, they gained many of the privileges of citizenship, and at the same time they lost the cultural and legal autonomy that had defined the community since the 1600s. The impetus for this process of reform came from two directions. On one side, the Danish state entered a new period in 1784, when the progressive Crown Prince Frederik (later Frederik VI) took control of the state.
After the Rescue: Jewish Identity and Community in Contemporary Denmark (Contemporary Anthropology of Religion) by A. Buckser