Read e-book online Alexander of Aphrodisias: On Aristotle Prior Analytics PDF

By Alexander of Aphrodisias

ISBN-10: 1472501357

ISBN-13: 9781472501356

The final 14 chapters of booklet 1 of Aristotle's "Prior Analytics" are keen on the illustration within the formal language of syllogistic of propositions and arguments expressed in additional or much less daily Greek. In his remark on these chapters, "Alexander of Aphrodisias" explains a few of Aristotle's extra opaque assertions and discusses post-Aristotelian rules in semantics and the philosophy of language. In doing so he presents an strange perception into the way those disciplines constructed within the Hellenistic period. He additionally exhibits a extra refined knowing of those fields than Aristotle himself, whereas final a staunch defender of Aristotle's emphasis on which means in preference to Stoics obstacle with verbal formula. In his observation at the ultimate bankruptcy of booklet 1 Alexander bargains an intensive dialogue of Aristotle's contrast among denying that whatever is, for instance, white and announcing that it's non-white.

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Extra info for Alexander of Aphrodisias: On Aristotle Prior Analytics 1.32-46 (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle)

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36 25 30 35 351,1 5 10 15 37 20 38 H e uses another example to demonstrate the same thing. H e takes C as M i k k a l o s , B as cultured M i k k a l o s , and A as perishing tomorrow. Then, he predicates B of C, cultured M i k k a l o s of M i k k a l o s , since that 25 38 30 Translation is true (it seems that there was some cultured M i k k a l o s ) , and A of B , perishing tomorrow of cultured M i k k a l o s . H o w does he take this to be possible? I n the sense i n w h i c h thinkable Aristomenes always is or i n the sense that cultured M i k k a l o s w i l l perish tomorrow by losing his culture?

48al8-28 I n the t h i r d figure the mistake occurs w i t h respect to contingency [since h e a l t h and sickness, knowledge and igno­ rance, and i n general contraries can hold of the same thing, but it is impossible for t h e m to hold of one another. (But this does not agree w i t h what was said before since before when it was possible for several things to hold of the same thing, it was possible for them to hold of each other. ) So it is evident that i n a l l these cases the mistake results from the setting out of terms, since i f the things corresponding to the states are substituted, nothing false results.

H o w does he take this to be possible? I n the sense i n w h i c h thinkable Aristomenes always is or i n the sense that cultured M i k k a l o s w i l l perish tomorrow by losing his culture? H e says that although these things are true, A is not predi­ cated t r u l y of C, that is, M i k k a l o s w i l l perish tomorrow because he has also t a k e n as a hypothesis that w i l l not perish and cultured M i k k a l o s tomorrow by losing his culture.

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Alexander of Aphrodisias: On Aristotle Prior Analytics 1.32-46 (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle) by Alexander of Aphrodisias


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