By Heather J. Sharkey
In 1854, American Presbyterian missionaries arrived in Egypt as a part of a bigger Anglo-American Protestant stream aiming for around the globe evangelization. safe by means of British imperial strength, and later by means of mounting American international effect, their company flourished through the subsequent century. American Evangelicals in Egypt follows the continuing and infrequently unforeseen modifications initiated by means of missionary actions among the mid-nineteenth century and 1967--when the Six-Day Arab-Israeli struggle uprooted the americans in Egypt.
Heather Sharkey makes use of Arabic and English assets to make clear the numerous elements of missionary encounters with Egyptians. those happened via associations, comparable to faculties and hospitals, and during literacy courses and rural improvement tasks that expected later efforts of NGOs. To Egyptian Muslims and Coptic Christians, missionaries offered new types for civic participation and for women's roles in collective worship and group lifestyles. whilst, missionary efforts to transform Muslims and reform Copts inspired new sorts of Egyptian social activism and caused nationalists to enact legislation limiting missionary actions. confronted by means of Islamic strictures and customs relating to apostasy and conversion, and through expectancies in regards to the right constitution of Christian-Muslim kin, missionaries in Egypt trigger debates approximately spiritual liberty that reverberate even this day. eventually, the missionary event in Egypt ended in reconsiderations of project coverage and evangelism in ways in which had long term repercussions for the tradition of yankee Protestantism.
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Extra info for American Evangelicals in Egypt: Missionary Encounters in an Age of Empire
S. 62 But circumstances changed in the mid-twentieth American Missionary Encounter · 13 century along with four developments that pertain to the contraction of interest in and pursuit of missions among the large established Protestant churches. First, Ivy League institutions and other leading universities became increasingly secular or nonsectarian as they moved away from their Anglo-Protestant cultural roots—a trend that reflected, in part, the increasing ethnic and religious diversity of their students.
59 30 · Chapter 2 The American missionaries to Egypt came out of this Presbyterian milieu where attitudes toward Roman Catholicism were closely tied to Protestant anxieties about immigration, and where church leaders were prepared to deny the very Christianity of Roman Catholicism. No wonder, then, that American missionaries in Egypt avoided contact with the Catholic priests and nuns who during the late nineteenth century were opening many new schools in the country. The sectarian animosities dividing Protestant and Catholic missionaries during this period were compounded by ethnolinguistic distinctions.
Although the vast majority of Evangelicals eventually came from Coptic backgrounds,8 American missionaries in Egypt had conceived of their mission as universal. )10 Reflecting on the situation in Egypt where he had served since 1861, Andrew Watson elaborated in 1906, The purpose of the mission was not as has been reported in some places, to labour among the various Christian sects especially, but to preach and teach the pure gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ to Jews, Moslems and nominal Christians where and when opportunity offered.
American Evangelicals in Egypt: Missionary Encounters in an Age of Empire by Heather J. Sharkey